In 33% of cases where a couple can’t get pregnant, male infertility is the reason. There are many ways sperm can influence your ability to conceive. If you want to do a semen analysis or have done one already, here’s an overview of what it might mean for fertility.
Normal Sperm: If your sperm volume is between 1.5 and 5 ml (roughly a teaspoon), this is considered normal. Results lower than 1.5 ml suggest low sperm volume.
Sperm Concentration: Normal sperm concentration is considered to be more than 20 million sperm per ml, or more than 40 million per ejaculate.
Sperm Motility: Men who have normal sperm motility have more than 40% swimming forward.
Sperm Morphology: Your sperm morphology is normal if at least 30% are normally shaped. This can be determined by a lab technician.
Sperm Forward Progression: This is a count of how many sperm are moving forward, on a scale of 1 to 4. Normal forward progression is a score of at least 2.
Sperm White Blood Cells: Your sperm’s white blood cells should be no higher than 0-5 per high-power field. A higher result could suggest infection.
Sperm Hyperviscosity: Sperm have normal hyperviscosity if they gel immediately, but then liquefy within 30 minutes.
Sperm Ph: The result should be alkaline, which protects sperm from the vagina’s acidic environment.